Bookmark Kaumudi Online  Bookmark this site  Editor@Kaumudi  |  Marketing  Print Advt rates  |  Calendar 2012        Go!    
 
 
January 22, Monday 2018 5:47 PM       

       HEADLINES: Govt begins policy declaration speech; Opposition                                              Actress Bhavana gets married                                              Governor ‘skips’ criticism against Centre in his customary speech                                              SFI-MSF activists clash; many injured                                              Controversy over Governor's speech: Didn't come to my notice, says Pinarayi                                              PM Modi wishes for happier society on Basant Panchami                                              Arrested terrorist was trying to revive SIMI, IM: Police                                              Petitions related to Justice Loya's death transferred to SC                                              At least six dead as Kabul hotel attack ends                                              Indian envoy summoned as Pak alleges ‘Ceasefire violations’                                              Kabul hotel attack: Death toll at 18, may cross 40                                              ISL 2018: Kerala Blasters seek revenge against FC Goa                                              Buttler's ton helps England lock series against Aussies                                              Australian Open: Nadal romps into quarters                                              Australian Open: Bopanna-Babos advance into pre-quarters                                              ISL 2017-18: Jamshedpur FC beat Delhi Dynamos with superb comeback                                              Kaumudi Facebook
       WORLD Next Article: Mumbai attacks plotter Saeed incited jihad in UK in 1990s: BBC  
       Pak, Afghan must end terror menace on Durand Line: EFSAS study
 
         Posted on :09:30:13 Jan 11, 2018
   
A A
       Last edited on:09:30:13 Jan 11, 2018
         Tags: Pak, Afghan, terror, Durand Line, EFSAS
 

AMSTERDAM: Frontiers by nature are contentious and divisive lines, and often acquire a prominence because of their blood-stained history, and in this regard, the imaginary Durand Line that separates Pakistan and Afghanistan, has managed to generate its share of legal, territorial, socio-economic, ethnographic, military and geo-political problems, says a study.

According to the European Foundation for South Asian Studies (EFSAS), which is based in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, the Durand Line embodies a description made by former British Indian Viceroy Lord Curzon of Kedleston during a lecture delivered at Oxford in 1907. He said: "Frontiers are the chief anxiety of nearly every foreign office in the civilised world... They are moreover the razor's edge on which hang suspended the modern issues of war or peace, of life or death to nations."

In its research study, the EFSAS says that the Durand Line since its creation has been a scene of conflict not just limited to various state and non-state actors, but many others.

"(It) does not involve merely the Governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan as the only two adversarial forces. There are many parties involved: the ISI, the Pakistani Army, the tribesmen, the local notables, the insurgents, the terrorist outfits and the organised crime groups. There are smugglers and business interests at stake as well, which should further pinpoint the desire of the international community to resolve the dispute and establish a legitimate profit-making trade route," the research paper says.

Referring specifically to the importance of this boundary to Pakistan and Afghanistan, the EFSAS study says that current geo-political realities demand a more pragmatic approach.

It says that the Durand Line has estranged both Islamabad and Kabul almost to the point of no return, and adds that it has exacerbated a "sense of insecurity and incompleteness, while generating many complex identity issues in relation to the local Pashtun people, who have been left voiceless and stateless."

Political tensions have remained high and manifested itself through border skirmishes, wars, acts of terrorism and the destruction of lives and property in both countries.

It says that both Pakistan and Afghanistan need to cooperate to ensure an effective border settlement rather than undermining each other, which only benefits terrorists and organised crime groups operating in the region.

The EFSAS study warns and cautions that if both continue using strategies based on animosity and rivalry, repugnance and volatility will continue to plague the region, and this will only be to the advantage of trans-national militant networks.

The study comes forward with a couple of solutions to ensure peace along this imaginary boundary line.

One solution, which this paper puts forward, is about the possibility of having an open border between the two countries, which will benefit the entire region.

"Such a border would clarify that all Pashtuns have rights as citizens of whichever state they choose, and would enable them to communicate, trade, and develop both their economy and their culture in cooperation with one another," says the EFSAS study.

Secondly, such accord would finally provide Afghanistan with access to the sea, as well as facilitate Pakistan's connection with Central Asia.

Third, this accord could and would lessen ethnic tensions between both countries as long as they agree to put an end to all hostilities and their on again-off-again adversarial relationship.

Fourth and a major key for strategic success would be to disrupt operations of terrorist and militant outfits with support from state actors like Pakistan and its intelligence agencies.

It must be understood that values of peace, protection of human rights and security are internal to the normative structure of international affairs, and this can happen only through a comprehensive dialogue, when and where parties agree to exist peacefully with each other rather than continue to be engaged in conflict.

Rational calculation demands that a resolution to the Durand Line dispute is fundamental to the War on Terror.

The EFSAS study concludes that the existence of safe havens for the Taliban around the border, threatens international peace and security. The international community must review the current Pak-Afghan border and facilitate the processes of reconciliation; otherwise, the region faces the risk of escalating into a dangerous flashpoint.

The study does not accept that fencing of the border is a solution, as it believes that such a move could further isolate people living around the border socio-economically.

It calls for ending the 19th century regime in the tribal areas to facilitate the creation of a 21st century border settlement.

With Pashtun nationalists calling for fast-paced economic development and reforms in FATA, it is high time for these two countries in Asia to resort to rational calculated dialogue and decision-making process rather than warfare on the boundary outlined by Sir Mortimer Durand in 1893.

The two countries must formulate guidelines for promoting the peaceful and prosperous future of the region, collaborate on counteracting the violent non-state and state actors operating at the border and aim on safeguarding the interests of the local population in order to reach a comprehensive settlement.

A A
       WORLD
Next Article: Mumbai attacks plotter Saeed incited jihad in UK in 1990s: BBC
 
 
WORLD HEADLINES
Kabul hotel attack: Death toll at 18, may cross 40  
Indian envoy summoned as Pak alleges ‘Ceasefire violations’  
At least six dead as Kabul hotel attack ends  
Pak raises Jadhav's case in UNSC debate on Afghan  
US govt faces shutdown after Senate rejects funding bill  
Putin takes frigid religious plunge  
'I'll give her a week' to lose baby weight, Trump said of Melania  
Over 1,600 IS militants killed in Afghan in 2017  
Kulbhushan Jadhav abducted from Iran: Baloch activist  
Pak-Iran to resume rail services  
India should not comment on Chinese construction in Doklam: Beijing  
Hafiz Saeed should be prosecuted: US  
Big blow to ‘Make in India’ as Japanese companies bag all key bullet train contracts  
Trump's immigration checklist: Love for US, English, Skill  
France, Britain to announce new migrant treaty: Macron  
Arson attacks ahead of pope's indigenous Chile visit: police  
Pak provides safe sanctuaries to terrorists: MQM  
Palestinian leaders vote to suspend recognition of Israel  
Couple arrested after 13 brothers and sisters held captive  
Qatar denies intercepting Emirati plane  
I am not a racist: Trump  
'Palestine being offered Abu Dis as capital'  
'Wrong button' sparked 38 minutes of panic in Hawaii  
'S***HOLE', p**p emojis projected on Trump DC Hotel  
Pak foreign minister threatens India of nuke attack  
 
Do you agree with Union Minister Satyapal Singh's opinion that Darwin's theory is scientifically wrong?
yes
 
no
 
no opinion
 
 
 
Home Kerala India World Business Sports Sci&Tech Education Automobile CityNews Movies Environment Letters 
© Copyright keralakaumudi Online 2011  |  Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited.
Head Office Address: Kaumudi Buildings, Pettah P.O, Trivandrum - 695024, India.
Online queries talk to Deepu Sasidharan, + 91 98472 38959 or Email deepu[at]kaumudi.com
Customer Service -Advertisement Disclaimer Statement   |  Copyright Policy