MUMBAI: Khanderi, India's second Scorpene submarine, was launched at the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) in Mumbai on Thursday.
Union Minister of State for Defence Subhash Bhamre presided over the function to initiate the launch of INS Khanderi. The submarine was launched by the Union minister’s wife, Bina Bhamre.
Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba was also present on the occasion when the submarine was separated from the pontoon on which it was assembled.
The state-of-the-art features of this Scorpene submarine include superior stealth and the ability to launch a crippling attack on the enemy using precision guided weapon.
The attack can be launched with torpedoes, as well as tube-launched anti-ship missiles, while underwater or on surface. The stealth features will give it an invulnerability, unmatched by many submarines.
The submarine is designed to operate in all theatres, including the tropics. All means and communications are provided to ensure interoperability with other components of a Naval task force.
It can undertake multifarious types of missions typically undertaken by any modern submarine, i.e anti-surface warfare, anti-submarine warfare, intelligence gathering, mine laying, area surveillance, etc.
INS Khanderi is the second of the six submarines being built at the MDL in collaboration with DCNS of France, as part of Project-75 of the Indian Navy. The first one, INS Kalvari, is completing sea trials and will be commissioned shortly into the Indian Navy, a defence official said.
The Indian Navy’s submarine arm will complete 50 years on December 8, 2017.
The Submarine Day is celebrated every year to commemorate the birth of the submarine arm with induction of the first submarine, erstwhile INS Kalvari, into the Indian Navy on December 8, 1967, it said.
India joined the exclusive group of submarine constructing nations on February 7, 1992, with the commissioning of the first Indian-built submarine, INS Shalki.
The MDL built this submarine and went on to commission another submarine, INS Shankul, on May 28, 1994. These submarines are still in service.
INS Khanderi is named after the Island fort of Maratha forces, which played a vital role in ensuring their supremacy at sea in the late 17th century. INS Khanderi is also the name for Tiger Shark, an MDL official said.
The submarine is built according to the principle of modular construction, which involves dividing the submarine into a number of sections and outfitting them concurrently.
The equipment is mounted in a special manner and then embarked into the sections. The complexity of the task increases exponentially as it involves laying kilometres of cabling and piping in extremely congested compartments.
All equipment has been installed in the submarine, with 95 per cent cabling and piping also being completed.